Southern Africa Resource Watch (SARW) held a Conference on the Illicit Trade of Congolese Gold at Hôtel du Fleuve Congo, in Kinshasa on 29-30 September 2015. The conference was jointly organized with the New York Open Society Justice Initiative Programme, in collaboration with TRIAL, an NGO from Switzerland. The conference was opened by the Minister of Mines, Martin Kabwelulu, whilst of his cabinet members were in attendance, the Secretary General of Mines, Diplomats, the representatives of specialised services from the Ministry of Mines, two provincial Ministers of Mines (South Kivu and former Eastern Province), as well as the representatives of mining companies and civil society. In total, nearly 50 participants took part in the conference. The context in which this conference was organized coincided with an economic situation characterised by fraudulent exports of gold produced in the DRC.