Although these working conditions show that working conditions at Chinese-owned enterprises are often poor, it is not always clear that Chinese firms are much different from those owned by other nationalities.
Thus, in Zimbabwe, a Chinese take-over of a plant does not seem to have prompted a change in human resource policy. While it is not clear whether Chinese-owned min.ing companies look after the families of workers affected by AIDS, through benefits or preferential employment of the offspring of affected families, a study noted that this observation is not unique to companies with Chinese involvement.23 In Mozam.bique, high levels of unemployment force many workers to accept poor working con.ditions. However a study suggests this is not specific to Chinese companies, but is common among other foreign and national firms.
There may well be cases in which conditions at Chinese companies are poorer than those in other plants. But, in the main, the evidence suggests that they are no worse employers than others, and that there is little data to suggest that China’s arrival has meaningfully skewed existing labour relations and human resources policies.